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Web programming

To design web pages or adopt a web application, you have to start with the basics. HTML and CSS are not programming languages per se, but they represent the basis of most sites and are the starting point for a beginner in programming. Web page elements can be set up using HTML to design the skeleton of a site. The next step is the discovery of HTML5 which offers more audiovisual possibilities.

With CSS, it’s all about design and organization. All the characteristics of the different elements are fixed by this means, namely their colors or their positions for example. However, HTML and CSS only allow the design of static and simple functional pages. If you manage to take in hand these basic tools, you will be able to do programming. For the first tests with dynamic pages, the use of JavaScript is the best choice because it is quite simple. Using JavaScript, we can design dynamic websites that allow for example the automatic adaptation of the size of the images. PHP and SQL complete the basic package for programming web applications. PHP is an open source scripting language and can be integrated with HTML. SQL is a database language with which one can define the structure of the data, modify the data or extract datasets. When designing complex pages (including a member identification area for example), the use of a Content Management System (CMS) significantly reduces the knowledge required on PHP and SQL.

The elements presented above are of course only a small selection of the many possible scripting languages for the Web. The HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, and PHP languages are still a solid and sufficient knowledge base for most Web projects. The w3schools.com website offers documentation for beginners as well as tutorials for using the mentioned scripts.